Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Philadelphia,[17] Boston, and Montreal in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.

Every plumbing problem is unique and very specific. Day or night, a weekday or a weekend, when you call Drain Rescue Plumbers in Toronto, we send a licensed plumber to your door within the hour! Once we arrive at your home, we thoroughly inspect the issue, assess the situation, identify what parts are needed and determine the number of labour hours required to resolve the problem. Read more. Read more


If you have a major fix in your home, it’s important to shop around for a plumber to do the work. At least three bids will help you determine the range of the project, so you can weigh the pros and cons of price and the reputation of the plumbers. Get references and contact them. Also, a good plumber isn’t likely to nickel and dime you. For the smaller jobs, check out these 11 plumbing tricks.
Whether you need basic plumbing maintenance, or are looking to hire a plumber to create your dream kitchen—or bath, Amazon Home Services has listings of the best professional plumbers to help get you there. Sit back, and let an expert take care of the Clogged Drain Repair, Garbage Disposal Replacement, Showerhead Replacement, Leaky Faucet, Sink Replacement, or Toilet Replacement—and watch your kitchen and bath dreams come to life.
A homeowner in Arkansas doesn’t need a license to do the work himself or herself. However, a contractor (if used) must be licensed if the work, including labor and material, exceeds $2,000.00. Subcontractors working for a licensed contractor do not need their own license. However, if the general contractor is not licensed, then the subcontractor does need their own license.
plumbers must be asked directly what they charge hourly and if that is in addition to a service charge. The two are separate and I think they have gotten away with outrageous charges because of the potential of water damaging homeowner structures.   I had a plumber (not Home advisor) come and replace a part in my kitchen sink that was under warranty---the spray nozzle had been leaking...He charged me $85.00 for 15 minutes of work and I will never use Mr King again. 
Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently. In addition, most employers require plumbers to have a driver’s license.
^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
Abacus’ licensed Electricians can troubleshoot any electrical problems you may have and replace or repair items such as electrical panels and circuit boards, electric surge protection, LED lighting, ceiling fans, complex electrical wiring or rewiring, backup or standby electric generators and more. Want an annual electrical inspection on all your lighting and electrical systems? Ask about the AMP Plan that can save you up to 15% on electrical repairs. This plan includes many things such as an annual electrical safety check to make sure that your home is safe and working properly for you and your family. Our licensed electricians will make sure that the electricity in your home is running at maximum efficiency.

The Sunny Plumber provides plumbing services throughout the Southwest United States. From basic plumbing repairs to top-of-the-line equipment installation, our Sunny Plumbers do it all. Our team is committed to providing your family with the cleanest water, most efficient systems, and freedom from the worry of plumbing problems in your home. We can’t wait to show you why they call us bright and shiny!


I had 207 Plumbing come to fix a leak in my ceiling.  It's a terrible, terrible company to do business with.  He came and fixed a broken pipe in the ceiling, and I asked him to check the rest of the pipe to make sure that nothing else was broken, he said everything was OK and charged me $219.00 for 45 minutes and left.  Never cleaned up his mess.  I went to clean up the mess after he left and found there was more damage to the pipe.  I called him to come back, which he did.  He looked at the water coming down from the ceiling, into a light fixture and said he had another job to go to and couldn't come back until next week.  He also wanted to charge me $350.00 to come back.  I told him that was too much and he said he would make an exception and only charge me $219.00.  Now I have major damage done to the ceiling, the light fixture and the floor.  All of this could have been prevented if he had stayed and fixed the problem.  I will NOT hire him again.
For basic plumbing services, such as leak repair or installing new traps, you'll pay $45 to $65 per hour in addition to parts, which the plumber will mark up from his wholesale price. For weekend or night calls, you'll pay as much as $100 just for the call and $75 an hour after that. At these rates, you don't want to spend much time chatting, but do ask what the repair/parts options are and get advice on how to prevent the problem from recurring.
There are many reasons to work with our team, but what really sets us apart from other contractors is how we listen to our customers. We personalize every call by taking the time to listen to your needs and getting to the source of your problem. We do not carry out work without first discussing the issue with you in detail and presenting you with your options.
Specialized plumbing tools include pipe wrenches, flaring pliers, pipe vise, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter, dies, and joining tools such as soldering torches and crimp tools. New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently. For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or other problems; they also use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.

Abacus’ residential and commercial plumbers are proficient at repairing all kinds of plumbing issues, including gas and electric water heaters, slab leaks, leaky pipes to hydro jetting clogged drains. Many plumbing problems are not DIY types of jobs, call Abacus so one of our licensed plumbers can fix your problem. Our plumbers are not only knowledgeable but their customer service skills will meet or exceed your expectations.
The best way to find a good plumber is to ask friends and neighbors, remodeling contractors, and real estate agents. Nothing holds up a home sale faster than plumbing problems, so realtors often have a list of reliable, fast-response plumbers. Once you find a plumber you're satisfied with, keep his numbers (office, home, and cell phones, and beeper) handy for emergencies. This Old House: Dripping faucets, running toilets

Menards® has everything you need for your plumbing supplies. Update your plumbing with our selection of pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories. We offer pipe, hoses and tubing, and fittings in different sizes for all applications. Install new plumbing features or make necessary repairs with our plumbing installation and repair products. We offer a variety of tools for faucet repair, including aerators, O-rings, and washers. Use our selection of pipe cements, cleaners, and primers to maintain your plumbing. Make other repairs with our soldering compounds and accessories. Hydronic radiant heat systems use hot water to heat your home and keep you comfortable all year long. We offer a variety of sewage basins and septic tanks to fit your home as well as valves for many different applications. Our plumbing access panels are durable and dependable. Menards® offers everything you need to update your sink or tub with our selection of utility sinks and accessories and tub drains, overflows, and accessories. We also offer a wide selection of refrigeration line sets.
Turn to the experienced team at our company for prompt solutions to your plumbing issues. Those in need of a skilled plumber in Tampa, FL, can expect immediate assistance from a qualified professional that is both friendly and attentive. We value your time and respond quickly to all residential service calls. If you have a severe water leak or some other major plumbing problem, a licensed plumber is available 24/7. Whether you need a clogged drain cleaned or a toilet replaced, our skilled and friendly team is able to handle it. We take pride in providing high-quality professional plumbing services to residential locations throughout the area.
Of all the various systems that a home or commercial building uses, the plumbing system is arguably one of the most important. Think about all the different uses you have for fresh, running water in your home or place of work. Would you want to go for an extended period of time without those conveniences? Fortunately, with us on your side, you don’t have to.

You will be presented with options for repair or replacement, and our technicians will provide advice on the most cost-effective solution. We have a background in both commercial and residential plumbing. Whether you need drain cleaning, water heater repair, sewer line installation, water softener installation, or anything in between, we have you covered. We only use top-notch equipment and materials, and our experts can lead you to the best environmentally safe products available.


Quoted Prices Stay the Same We know how frustrating it is to be told one price before the job, but see a completely different (higher!) number on your invoice. When you work with us, you can rest assured that price will not change. We do not change the price based on how long the job takes. What we quote at the beginning is what you can expect once the work is complete.
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[22] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[22]
Call us today to learn more about the services that we offer. Look at our company history to know more about the experience we’ve had throughout the years. Go to our services to learn more about the plumbing jobs that we can provide. It has never been easier to hire a plumber in Kuala Lumpur these day. With KL1 Plumber, you can hire a plumber at the comfort of your own home. Call us today!

Leaky, dripping, rusting faucets can drive you crazy. Is it time to repair, replace or upgrade your faucets? John Moore, the area's trusted master Houston plumbing team since 1965, can examine your fixtures and help you determine whether it can be repaired or if a new faucet is needed. We have a wide variety of replacement parts on hand to resolve most common faucet repairs quickly. If a new fixture is in your future, John Moore carries the latest styles from the industry’s top brands such as Moen, Kholer, and Delta. Have you decided to freshen up your home’s décor with a new look? Are you interested in adding a sprayer to make doing dishes a little quicker and easier? Or perhaps you want a motion sensitive / touch-free kitchen faucet make washing up more sanitary. Whatever your vision or needs may be, purchasing your faucet and installation from John Moore means that you will receive expert installation of a quality fixture that will last for years to come.
There are many reasons to work with our team, but what really sets us apart from other contractors is how we listen to our customers. We personalize every call by taking the time to listen to your needs and getting to the source of your problem. We do not carry out work without first discussing the issue with you in detail and presenting you with your options.
plumbers must be asked directly what they charge hourly and if that is in addition to a service charge. The two are separate and I think they have gotten away with outrageous charges because of the potential of water damaging homeowner structures.   I had a plumber (not Home advisor) come and replace a part in my kitchen sink that was under warranty---the spray nozzle had been leaking...He charged me $85.00 for 15 minutes of work and I will never use Mr King again. 
One of the most critical systems of your home is the plumbing system that smoothly carries water throughout your home—when everything is working. When you have a clogged drain, leaky faucet, broken washing machine, standstill sump pump, a malfunctioning garbage disposal, a cracked sink, or an overflowing toilet, you need a plumber. Preferably, you need an experienced, local plumber who knows exactly what they’re doing. Even when nothing’s broken or going wrong, keeping your kitchen and bath areas well-maintained and in good repair can help improve your home’s value—not to mention add to your enjoyment of living there. Keeping up with the maintenance and adding upgrades, such as replacing a sink, faucet, showerhead, toilet, or bathtub liner or wall surround, however, can be technically difficult and overwhelming, and that’s where Amazon.com Plumbing Services, and the plumbers that list there, comes in.

While it’s their job to make sure your pipes work like a well-oiled machine, it’s not their job to rebuild the wall they had to demolish to make that happen. So, while you’re going to get that water problem fixed, you’ll want to discuss in detail what kind of “mess” they might leave behind prior to the start of the project so you can plan accordingly. Remember, there are some jobs you can do yourself. Here’s how to solder copper pipe joints!
We have been in business for a while during which we have acquired the necessary expertise to handle any plumbing issues. Therefore, by working with our company, you’re working with the best. On the other hand, our clients can verify that we always provide the best and most satisfactory services and we will do the same for any person that walks through our doors.
You can count on our analysis of your home’s plumbing, air conditioning & electrical problems as well as our recommendations for installation, and maintenance. We provide state-of-the-art equipment, so all jobs are performed professionally and efficiently. To schedule an appointment with some of the best Houston area plumbers, electricians or air conditioning repair and installation experts, call 713-766-3605713-766-3605.
Leaky, dripping, rusting faucets can drive you crazy. Is it time to repair, replace or upgrade your faucets? John Moore, the area's trusted master Houston plumbing team since 1965, can examine your fixtures and help you determine whether it can be repaired or if a new faucet is needed. We have a wide variety of replacement parts on hand to resolve most common faucet repairs quickly. If a new fixture is in your future, John Moore carries the latest styles from the industry’s top brands such as Moen, Kholer, and Delta. Have you decided to freshen up your home’s décor with a new look? Are you interested in adding a sprayer to make doing dishes a little quicker and easier? Or perhaps you want a motion sensitive / touch-free kitchen faucet make washing up more sanitary. Whatever your vision or needs may be, purchasing your faucet and installation from John Moore means that you will receive expert installation of a quality fixture that will last for years to come.
We offer several financing options for new equipment, as well as our Priority Club Membership that grants members exclusive discounts, priority service, annual tune-ups, and much more. Plus, we make it our mission to give back to the community that’s continually supported us for decades. Our team members regularly donate their time, money, and efforts to numerous charitable organizations, fundraising endeavors, and worthwhile causes throughout the Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland area.
Don’t flush floss, tampons, or even so-called “flushable” wipes. They don’t break down like toilet paper does and can come back to haunt you later. “Toilets are more water-efficient now than they were 20 years ago, so there sometimes isn’t enough volume in the flush to force debris down,” says Marcin Wroblewski, president of ExpressRooter Plumbing in Toronto. “An object will get lodged in the trap and cause blockage when waste builds up days later.”
Being without hot water is no fun. But when you call Houston’s hometown plumbers, John Moore Services, you won’t have to go without hot water for long. Since 1965, Houstonians have counted on John Moore to have their water heaters replaced quickly and correctly. John Moore installs both Traditional and Tankless Water Heaters, so feel free to ask our licensed plumbers any questions you may have if you are interested in making a switch to tankless. Only select water heaters and water heater parts and connections pass our strict quality standards, so you can rest assured that your new water heater will be an efficient, cost-effective solution that will continue to meet your needs safely for many years to come.

Abacus’ HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air conditioning) technicians are experts at inspecting and repairing systems that are not cooling or heating properly. They specialize at everything from condensers, coils, air ducts, air filtration to complete AC installations and AC replacements with the best warranties in Houston. Need an annual tune up? Ask about the Abacus BAM! Plan. Annual checkups can help prevent many issues from happening to your air conditioning system. BAM! gives customers one tune-up for their heating and another for their air conditioning. This makes sure that you have what your home needs when you need it. You also get the benefits of VIP scheduling and up to 15% off of HVAC services.  
Plumbing is one of your home's main infrastructures - yet water can also be your home's nemesis. So count on True Value Hardware Stores to help you tackle any size plumbing job. From basic projects like installing a new faucet or water filter or opening a clogged drain; to a bit more complex like replacing a water heater, toilet or sump pump, we can help.
Using a licensed Toronto plumber? This is an absolute MUST when it comes to the function of your plumbing system and the protection of your home. It’s up to you to avoid non-certified plumbers and those who claim to be certified but have no proof. Don’t end up with more problems than you already have. Do your research, choose wisely and confirm the necessary certifications before you hire a Toronto plumbing team. Drain Rescue plumbers are licensed, bonded and insured – and we’ve got the paperwork to prove it! Read more. Read more

Turn to the experienced team at our company for prompt solutions to your plumbing issues. Those in need of a skilled plumber in Tampa, FL, can expect immediate assistance from a qualified professional that is both friendly and attentive. We value your time and respond quickly to all residential service calls. If you have a severe water leak or some other major plumbing problem, a licensed plumber is available 24/7. Whether you need a clogged drain cleaned or a toilet replaced, our skilled and friendly team is able to handle it. We take pride in providing high-quality professional plumbing services to residential locations throughout the area.
The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.[20]

Specialized plumbing tools include pipe wrenches, flaring pliers, pipe vise, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter, dies, and joining tools such as soldering torches and crimp tools. New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently. For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or other problems; they also use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.
The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[3] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[4] and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[5] In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber as can be seen from an extract of workmen fixing a roof in Westminster Palace and were referred to as plumbers "To Gilbert de Westminster, plumber, working about the roof of the pantry of the little hall, covering it with lead, and about various defects in the roof of the little hall".[6] Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a Plumbarius which was later shortened to plumber.
Quoted Prices Stay the Same We know how frustrating it is to be told one price before the job, but see a completely different (higher!) number on your invoice. When you work with us, you can rest assured that price will not change. We do not change the price based on how long the job takes. What we quote at the beginning is what you can expect once the work is complete.
Garbage disposers usually come with an Allen key. Find a good place to store it, and when the disposer jams, you can follow the directions in the owner’s manual to fix it yourself. It’s as simple as inserting and twisting, and doing this yourself will save you the hassle and cash of a service call to the plumber. Speaking of tool storage, check out these clever tool storage ideas.
Connecticut differentiates between “major contractor” from “minor contractor”. A major contractor is licensed to work on institutional residences (care homes, jails, etc.), hotels/motels, multi-family residences, and other large sites. A minor contractor is licensed to work on private homes and small multi-family units. A license is needed if the job exceeds $200.00 for a single job or if the yearly work exceeds $1,000.00 total.
You can depend on Spengler to provide unmatched emergency plumber service and guaranteed satisfaction for your home and business plumbing needs. Our up-front prices, professionalism and friendly on-time service have helped us become the preferred choice for thousands of homes and businesses across the Metro East area including our immediate local area O’Fallon, Belleville, Fairview Heights, Shiloh, and Swansea. Other areas include Collinsville, Edwardsville, Alton, Highland, Granite City, and surrounding Illinois communities. Rooter plumbers in Belleville, IL provide plumbing maintenance including toilet repairs and clogged drain cleaning. Rooter’s and plumbers offer residential  plumbing services that clients depend on for all of their local plumbing needs.
Menards® has everything you need for your plumbing supplies. Update your plumbing with our selection of pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories. We offer pipe, hoses and tubing, and fittings in different sizes for all applications. Install new plumbing features or make necessary repairs with our plumbing installation and repair products. We offer a variety of tools for faucet repair, including aerators, O-rings, and washers. Use our selection of pipe cements, cleaners, and primers to maintain your plumbing. Make other repairs with our soldering compounds and accessories. Hydronic radiant heat systems use hot water to heat your home and keep you comfortable all year long. We offer a variety of sewage basins and septic tanks to fit your home as well as valves for many different applications. Our plumbing access panels are durable and dependable. Menards® offers everything you need to update your sink or tub with our selection of utility sinks and accessories and tub drains, overflows, and accessories. We also offer a wide selection of refrigeration line sets.
Then again, if you don’t have the time, tools, or inclination to do your own plumbing repairs, you can hire a pro. A plumber can handle nearly any problem that involves pipes, from replacing a garbage disposal to unclogging a bathtub drain, but, if your problem is a stopped-up drain, you’re usually better off calling a drain-clearing service because these are generally less expensive.
Even though the employment growth is excellent, employers are still reporting difficulty in finding skilled plumbers to fill the growing void being created by those who are retiring. New building construction, along with stricter regulations on industry standards for economic efficiency plumbing are both reasons for the spike in job openings. Find a local plumbing trade school program.
BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair, is a Nevada (NV) Heating, Cooling, Air Conditioning, Plumbing, Heat Pump, Ductless Mini-Split, Water Heater, and Furnace repair, service, replacement, and maintenance Company located in Las Vegas area. BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair employs only the best plumber for plumbing repair and technician for air conditioner, furnace, and heat pump repair as well as all air conditioner, furnace, and water heater replacement in Las Vegas NV, Henderson NV, The Lakes NV, North Las Vegas NV, Sloan NV, Nellis Afb NV, Boulder City NV, Blue Diamond NV, Jean NV. So when you ask to find "A good heating, air conditioning, and plumbing repair or service company near me," you've come to the right place. To set-up a repair service estimate or replacement estimate, call (702) 857-5307. BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair services all furnace, AC, humidifier, filter, thermostat and water heater brands including Carrier, Bryant, Payne, Trane, Lennox, Rheem, Ruud, Amana, Daikin, Mitsubishi, Fujitsu, Frigidaire, Gibson, Goodman, Maytag, A O Smith, Kohler, American Standard, General, Aprilaire, Honeywell, White Rodgers, Dynamic and Skuttle.*The service within 45 minutes applies to owner occupied households only, within service area, new customers or those on our BEST membership plan, during normal business hours of 8am-4pm Monday through Friday, all other times/days will still get same day service. Our guarantee is that if we don’t arrive within 45 minutes of call being scheduled that the service fee is waived.
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