Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters may use many different materials and construction techniques, depending on the type of project. Residential water systems, for example, use copper, steel, and plastic pipe that one or two plumbers can install. Power plant water systems, by contrast, are made of large steel pipes that usually take a crew of pipefitters to install. Some workers install stainless steel pipes on dairy farms and in factories, mainly to prevent contamination.
Using a licensed Toronto plumber? This is an absolute MUST when it comes to the function of your plumbing system and the protection of your home. It’s up to you to avoid non-certified plumbers and those who claim to be certified but have no proof. Don’t end up with more problems than you already have. Do your research, choose wisely and confirm the necessary certifications before you hire a Toronto plumbing team. Drain Rescue plumbers are licensed, bonded and insured – and we’ve got the paperwork to prove it! Read more. Read more

This information is not intended as an offer to sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy, a franchise. It is for information purposes only. Read More Currently, the following states regulate the offer and sale of franchises: California, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. If you are a resident of or want to locate a franchise in one of these states, we will not offer you a franchise unless and until we have complied with applicable pre-sale registration and disclosure requirements in your state. Read Less Mr. Rooter is a registered trademark of Mr. Rooter LLC Copyright © 2017 Mr. Rooter, All rights reserved. All Mr. Rooter Plumbing Franchise Locations Are Independently Owned And Operated.

Our master plumbers in Houston will assess the age and integrity of your pipes and determine the best course of action. Whether your home plumbing requires a pipe replacement, a horizontal pipe replacement for the pipes in your attic, or a whole-home repipe with highly durable and flexible PEX piping, you can rest easy knowing that your home is in the experienced hands of the licensed and highly-qualified John Moore Houston plumbing team.
The high-pressure hydro-jetting service from the Houston plumbers here at John Moore offers homeowners a safe and highly effective way to clear their drain lines. John Moore uses state of the art hydro-jetting to scour and clear debris such as tree roots, soil, grease, and hardened scale for blocking your drain and sewer lines. Drain jetting using highly pressurized water streams safely cleans in the inside of your plumbing pipes and without risking damage from a standard cable or blade. We’ll even show you video footage of the inside of your pipes so you can see how well things are flowing again. Trust the Certified Drain Cleaning Plumbers at John Moore for a superior drain jetting experience.
Need plumbing supplies? We've got everything you need to build an efficient system. Find ball valves for commercial and residential plumbing, filters, filter cartridges and fittings. Looking for an electric or gas hot water heater? We have hundreds, along with all the supplies you need to install them. We carry a complete line of bathroom fixtures, PVC and CPVC tubing. Get all of the industrial plumbing parts and supplies with our inventory.
When you run into any of these plumbing issues, it’s time for repairs. Who better to call than your local Mr. Rooter Plumbing? We are professional, caring, efficient, and courteous. You can depend on us day or night and always know we get the job done right! Our certified plumbers work around your needs and set up appointments based on your schedule. You can count on us to arrive on time and fix it right the first time. There’s a reason they call us Mr.®!
All thanks to our high-tech equipment, parts and the highest standards of professionalism; you can feel confident that even if you do experience a plumbing problem it will be solved quickly and effectively. We Offer 24 hour service throughout the entire region. To schedule an appointment just fill out the form or call us now. Fast, friendly, efficient service GUARANTEED!
Sid called ahead and let me know what time he would show up. He arrived on time and quickly determined what needed to be fixed and explained it. He needed to make a few trips out to his truck to grab tools/supplies and put shoe covers on each time he entered the house. He quickly fixed our issue and cleaned up when he was finished. Great service from Sid! Just had another visit to fix a leaking meter horn. Andrew called 20 minutes before he arrived and quickly decided what needed repair. He didn't have the exact part needed on his truck, but he was able to get it from the warehouse quickly. He fixed our issue and cleaned up the area well. Thanks to Andrew and Ben Franklin Plumbing for fixing our plumbing problem on Christmas Eve!
Present-day water-supply systems use a network of high-pressure pumps, and pipes in buildings are now made of copper,[26] brass, plastic (particularly cross-linked polyethylene called PEX, which is estimated to be used in 60% of single-family homes[27]), or other nontoxic material. Due to its toxicity, most cities moved away from lead water-supply piping by the 1920s in the United States,[28] although lead pipes were approved by national plumbing codes into the 1980s,[29] and lead was used in plumbing solder for drinking water until it was banned in 1986.[28] Drain and vent lines are made of plastic, steel, cast-iron, or lead.[30][31]
You can count on our analysis of your home’s plumbing, air conditioning & electrical problems as well as our recommendations for installation, and maintenance. We provide state-of-the-art equipment, so all jobs are performed professionally and efficiently. To schedule an appointment with some of the best Houston area plumbers, electricians or air conditioning repair and installation experts, call 713-766-3605713-766-3605.
BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair, is a Nevada (NV) Heating, Cooling, Air Conditioning, Plumbing, Heat Pump, Ductless Mini-Split, Water Heater, and Furnace repair, service, replacement, and maintenance Company located in Las Vegas area. BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair employs only the best plumber for plumbing repair and technician for air conditioner, furnace, and heat pump repair as well as all air conditioner, furnace, and water heater replacement in Las Vegas NV, Henderson NV, The Lakes NV, North Las Vegas NV, Sloan NV, Nellis Afb NV, Boulder City NV, Blue Diamond NV, Jean NV. So when you ask to find "A good heating, air conditioning, and plumbing repair or service company near me," you've come to the right place. To set-up a repair service estimate or replacement estimate, call (702) 857-5307. BEST Air Conditioning Plumbing Repair services all furnace, AC, humidifier, filter, thermostat and water heater brands including Carrier, Bryant, Payne, Trane, Lennox, Rheem, Ruud, Amana, Daikin, Mitsubishi, Fujitsu, Frigidaire, Gibson, Goodman, Maytag, A O Smith, Kohler, American Standard, General, Aprilaire, Honeywell, White Rodgers, Dynamic and Skuttle.*The service within 45 minutes applies to owner occupied households only, within service area, new customers or those on our BEST membership plan, during normal business hours of 8am-4pm Monday through Friday, all other times/days will still get same day service. Our guarantee is that if we don’t arrive within 45 minutes of call being scheduled that the service fee is waived.
Houston’s ever-shifting clay soil puts homes in the greater Houston area at risk from slab leaks. Why? When the concrete slab under your home shifts, the pipes in or underneath the foundation can be damaged, disconnected, or break completely. Fortunately, John Moore plumbers have been working with Houston homeowners since 1965 and have the experience, training and tools to effectively detect and repair slab leaks. Our experienced plumbing team will perform a careful inspection, pinpoint the location, and then provide you with a detailed diagnosis and repair plan to address the leak quickly. For a serious plumbing issues, such as a slab leaks and re-pipes, you can count on our Houston plumbing company, John Moore Services, to treat you and your home with respect and provide you with quality workmanship – guaranteed
Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]

Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved.
Using a licensed Toronto plumber? This is an absolute MUST when it comes to the function of your plumbing system and the protection of your home. It’s up to you to avoid non-certified plumbers and those who claim to be certified but have no proof. Don’t end up with more problems than you already have. Do your research, choose wisely and confirm the necessary certifications before you hire a Toronto plumbing team. Drain Rescue plumbers are licensed, bonded and insured – and we’ve got the paperwork to prove it! Read more. Read more
When you are faced with a plumbing emergency, time is of the essence. You don’t want to have to spend time searching for a plumber near you that is open nights, weekends, and holidays that won’t charge you exorbitant fees for immediate availability to address plumbing emergencies. Roto-Rooter plumbers offer a variety of emergency plumbing services around the clock at an affordable price, so you can get the plumbing services you need at a price that won’t break the budget. Roto-Rooter professionals are always available for after hours plumbing services. 

I had 207 Plumbing come to fix a leak in my ceiling.  It's a terrible, terrible company to do business with.  He came and fixed a broken pipe in the ceiling, and I asked him to check the rest of the pipe to make sure that nothing else was broken, he said everything was OK and charged me $219.00 for 45 minutes and left.  Never cleaned up his mess.  I went to clean up the mess after he left and found there was more damage to the pipe.  I called him to come back, which he did.  He looked at the water coming down from the ceiling, into a light fixture and said he had another job to go to and couldn't come back until next week.  He also wanted to charge me $350.00 to come back.  I told him that was too much and he said he would make an exception and only charge me $219.00.  Now I have major damage done to the ceiling, the light fixture and the floor.  All of this could have been prevented if he had stayed and fixed the problem.  I will NOT hire him again.
Sump pumps are used to re-route water away from the lowest point of your home's foundation and protect your basement and easily damaged areas from flooding. In most cases, your sump pump is hardwired to your electrical system or possibly plugged into a wall outlet. Because these power sources can often fail in a storm when water damage occurs, sump pumps are typically equipped with battery backup power.
When you run into any of these plumbing issues, it’s time for repairs. Who better to call than your local Mr. Rooter Plumbing? We are professional, caring, efficient, and courteous. You can depend on us day or night and always know we get the job done right! Our certified plumbers work around your needs and set up appointments based on your schedule. You can count on us to arrive on time and fix it right the first time. There’s a reason they call us Mr.®!
My husband and I found Spengler after a not so great experience with an a/c company over the summer. We called Spengler due to great online reviews and they did not disappoint! They came out the same day our furnace broke and offered professional service and were friendly. My husband appreciated that they explained all the options and what was actually wrong with our furnace instead of just trying to charge us a lot of money. I will definitely be using them again in the future.
Westbrook knows that quality construction starts with quality plumbing. Our design build experts use the latest techniques and technology to ensure that every building is fitted, piped and pressurized for maximum water flow and efficiency. With Westbrook’s team of plumbing experts, you can be sure that any new building won’t go without clean and safe water service.
The Federal Government does not regulate licensing for plumbers; they are on a state-by-state government level. Most states have some sort of licensing requirement for plumbers and any general contractors. However, if plumbers aren’t licensed, they could be subjected to expensive fines and it could result in the loss of their being allowed to practice their trade.
Severe plumbing emergencies can cause a lot of collateral damage and result in high costs if not addressed immediately. For example, if your basement floods at 2:00 A.M., it’s vital that an emergency plumber visits right away to resolve the problem and prevent further water damage. Our technicians can arrive at your residence as soon as possible, bringing state-of-the-art equipment to address the plumbing emergency, complete the job in a timely and efficient manner, and get your household plumbing systems back to normal quickly. Providing 24/7 plumbing is just one of the many services Roto Rooter fulfills.

With over 20 years experience in Air Conditioning and Plumbing Repairs in the greater Las Vegas area, we will get the job done right the first time. We answer our telephones 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. Our technicians are Experienced, Drug Tested, Passed A Background Check, Licensed and Fully Trained. We give upfront Flat Rate pricing which means you pay by the job and not by the hour. All of our quotes are complete and presented to the client before work begins. The price you are quoted is the price you pay. No hidden fees or surprises!
No plumber is going to come right out and explain that they don’t have the required license to work for you. So if you know someone who is a great plumber, but they don’t have a license, hire them at your own risk. Licensed plumbers know the local building codes and regulations, have completed a certain amount of hours on the job and are insured. Want to become a master plumber yourself? Here are 28 tips.

Homes have many combustion appliances, such as stoves, water heaters, fireplaces, furnaces, and boilers. Without proper ventilation, these appliances can create harmful gases such as carbon monoxide. Adequate ventilation is absolutely necessary in any home. For example, exhaust fans can play a pivotal role in clearing out harmful gases in bathrooms, cooking areas, and garages. They can keep the air clear of harmful moisture and fumes, while increasing your comfort by keeping humidity levels low.

Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Philadelphia,[17] Boston, and Montreal in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
Houston water has been treated and deemed safe to drink. But do you know what is really in your tap water? Our Houston plumbers will help you find out and take action to protect your family. We will test your water do determine the hardness of the water and discover which contaminants are present. Then, we will develop a water treatment solution to address the issues with your water and transform your tap water into a healthier, fresh-tasting, and odor-free drinking water. No bottles required! Serving Houston since 1965, John Moore knows plumbing – which means that your water filtration and softener system will be properly installed and tied in to your water supply line without any threat of contamination. We also offer de-scaling solutions and water softener systems to help you reduce the toll that hard water can on your fixtures and appliances. Talk to the John Moore water quality specialists about your concerns. We’re happy to help you find the best water filtration or softener solution for your home – and your health.
"Beginning to end of experience was fantastic! Initial service agent who took my call was friendly and personable. Got me set up for an appointment same day — on a Saturday — no extra charge. And boom, two hours later, Nelson showed up. Nelson listened intentfully, got the picture/scope, got us our quote and we were off to the races. Courteous, fast, clean, insightful, and professional. Thanks, Nelson! "
Houston’s ever-shifting clay soil puts homes in the greater Houston area at risk from slab leaks. Why? When the concrete slab under your home shifts, the pipes in or underneath the foundation can be damaged, disconnected, or break completely. Fortunately, John Moore plumbers have been working with Houston homeowners since 1965 and have the experience, training and tools to effectively detect and repair slab leaks. Our experienced plumbing team will perform a careful inspection, pinpoint the location, and then provide you with a detailed diagnosis and repair plan to address the leak quickly. For a serious plumbing issues, such as a slab leaks and re-pipes, you can count on our Houston plumbing company, John Moore Services, to treat you and your home with respect and provide you with quality workmanship – guaranteed

Don’t let a clogged sink or clogged drain spoil your day. Make a quick call to the John Moore Drain Clog Plumbers in Houston and your home will be running smoothly again in no time. Local residents have been counting on the John Moore Drain Clog specialists and Houston plumbers for over 50 years. Each of our Drain Clog Plumbers is a licensed and insured Houston plumber with extensive expertise and training to quickly determine the cause and location of a clog or stoppage. We have the equipment and technology to conquer any clog – including a state of the art drain clog jetting package that offers a camera inspection of the drain line. From kitchen and bath drain clogs to a main line blockage - stopped drains and tough clogs have met their match! Call a plumber in Houston for drain service today!

Experiencing an urgent plumbing problem like a burst pipe or gas line leak needs immediate attention. The experts at JD Precision Plumbing Services are here to protect your home against the most challenging plumbing situations. As your trusted local plumbing contractors, we offer a full range of services designed to improve the overall efficiency of your plumbing system and save you money in the long run. Our repairs and preventative maintenance services keep your plumbing systems working safely and reliably for years to come.
When you need a plumbing repair, rely on our certified, skilled plumbers. When it comes to the plumbing system in your home, you need someone you can trust to keep it in top working order; someone who can get there quickly and who will do the job right the first time. BGE HOME is your resource for plumbing service and can promptly take care of any repair, from stopping a leak, drain cleaning, fixing a garbage disposal, and everything in between. Whether your kitchen sink is clogged, a faucet is dripping or your water heater springs a leak, our priority is getting your plumbing problem repaired quickly and efficiently. Your satisfaction is our top priority, so our plumber will keep you informed and ensure we are meeting your expectations.
Pipefitters, sometimes simply called fitters, install and maintain pipes that carry chemicals, acids, and gases. These pipes are used mostly in manufacturing, commercial, and industrial settings. Fitters install and repair pipe systems in power plants, as well as heating and cooling systems in large office buildings. Some pipefitters specialize as gasfitters, sprinklerfitters, or steamfitters.
The Fluidmaster 550DFRK-3 Duo Flush System Toilet Converter The Fluidmaster 550DFRK-3 Duo Flush System Toilet Converter gives you a tool to help save on water use and water bills. A complete toilet fill and dual flush conversion kit that retrofits into any 2-Inch flush valve toilet. Instructions included for hassle free and easy installation which doesn’t require removing ...  More + Product Details Close
I had another lady who said she wanted to run to the grocery store to get some coffee to make for me and my guys while we were installing her new kitchen. She said she was just gonna run to the store and asked if we wouldn’t mind keeping an eye out for her one-year-old daughter who was sleeping at the time. We said fine, but she ended up not returning until four hours later. The kid was screaming her head off and we didn’t know what to do. We tried holding her. We didn’t know if she was hungry or what to feed her. She just kept crying.
Plumbers in Australia have licensing requirements that differ from state to state but it is generally accepted a 4-year apprenticeship with a further minimum experience of 2 years (6 years total) and a further curricular requirement as a benchmark for licensing. Licensed plumbers are also expected to maintain minimum relevant training requirements to maintain their plumbing license
The best source for this type of plumber is a general contractor. The contractor sees the plumber's work before it's covered up; you don't get that opportunity. In addition, your contractor knows the telltale signs of quality work that you might miss, like clean solder joints, crisp 90-degree angles at joints and clean, properly sized holes in joists, studs, and floors.
At Hildebrant’s Plumbing Repair, we believe that God acts in mysterious ways, yet His plan is always perfectly sovereign. This truth challenged our family in a way we would have never dreamed. In 2009, our son Tyler was diagnosed with a severe kidney failure. Like many others who suffer similar medical conditions, Tyler continues to experience everything from irregular blood pressure to chronic pain. He must stay on dialysis to manage his symptoms.
When a person has a blockage in their sewage system they often try to fix it themselves by adding an acid or a base such as Drano in an attempt to dissolve or dislodge the problem. These chemicals can get into the plumbers eyes [14] when the sewage is splashed during the repair. The plumbers skin during the repair does come into contact with the sewage water.[15] The owner of the toilet might not report to the plumber they have already tried Drano a highly caustic base .
Not all plumbing companies can guarantee up-front pricing, superior workmanship and parts, licensed and insured plumbing contractors, and courteous support from uniformed professionals. Whether you are in need of drain cleaning or would like to schedule a plumbing inspection for your home, Mr. Rooter's plumbing services can handle it all! Our skilled plumbers are knowledgeable and equipped with the latest tools needed to achieve optimal results. Give us a call at (855) 982-2028, or request a job estimate online.

I have no problem paying for any service I receive but when Allied Reddi-Rooter came into my home and immediately tell me and them tell me it would cost me 350.00 for them to install a new Rheem water heater (his recommendation) that cost 409.00 I have a problem. If the cost is exactly how Home Advisor indicates then he’s charging 350.00an hour.  I did my homework checked with other plumbers and it. Would not take an hour to remove old and install the new water heater. Thank Goodness I did my research won’t be using their services and I will be letting others know what happen to me. Shame on you Allied

I just had my pipe under the sink unclogged  and new pipes put in $600.00, then they flushed out the pipe from under the sink to the outside pipe $700.00, Total of $1.600.00, I thought that the price was high, I got the plumber from Home Advisors, not sure they had to do all they did but they said I needed the work done.  The same evening hike using the dishwasher I had a leak in one of the pipes they put in, they came back the next day to fix it. Don't know if I will use them again.. They were K&D kitchens.
The best way to find a good plumber is to ask friends and neighbors, remodeling contractors, and real estate agents. Nothing holds up a home sale faster than plumbing problems, so realtors often have a list of reliable, fast-response plumbers. Once you find a plumber you're satisfied with, keep his numbers (office, home, and cell phones, and beeper) handy for emergencies. This Old House: Dripping faucets, running toilets
Menards® has everything you need for your plumbing supplies. Update your plumbing with our selection of pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories. We offer pipe, hoses and tubing, and fittings in different sizes for all applications. Install new plumbing features or make necessary repairs with our plumbing installation and repair products. We offer a variety of tools for faucet repair, including aerators, O-rings, and washers. Use our selection of pipe cements, cleaners, and primers to maintain your plumbing. Make other repairs with our soldering compounds and accessories. Hydronic radiant heat systems use hot water to heat your home and keep you comfortable all year long. We offer a variety of sewage basins and septic tanks to fit your home as well as valves for many different applications. Our plumbing access panels are durable and dependable. Menards® offers everything you need to update your sink or tub with our selection of utility sinks and accessories and tub drains, overflows, and accessories. We also offer a wide selection of refrigeration line sets.
Hello I had a plumber do an estimate for me to replace our copper pipes with plastic as we have no existing walls up in our basement yet...pretty basic job... so we figured we could upgrade as we do live in Northern Ontario and it does tend to get quite cold here in the winters.  We dont have any existing problems with our plumbing right now just figured it would be good time to do the job and perhaps change the pipes to 3 quarter inch for faster flow.  Well I never thought in all my life I would get an estimate back that would state $350.00 an hour in labor...yes that is correct $350.00 an hour...estimated 10 hours for the job to be completed.  So he quoted me $3500.00 for labor alone.. not supplies?  Well needless to say I will be happy with my half inch copper pipes and will happily wait for my bathtub to fill up at a slower pace.  Just wanted to know what your thoughts are on this $350.00 an hour quote?  Thank you and enjoy your day.

If you have a major fix in your home, it’s important to shop around for a plumber to do the work. At least three bids will help you determine the range of the project, so you can weigh the pros and cons of price and the reputation of the plumbers. Get references and contact them. Also, a good plumber isn’t likely to nickel and dime you. For the smaller jobs, check out these 11 plumbing tricks.
512-276-7476 Steve's Plumbing Repair, Inc. takes the guess work out of plumbing. Do you own or manage rental properties in the Austin area? Are you about to take your first steps into the world of proper ownership or management? If so, then selecting a reliable, timely, affordable plumbing service should be tops on your list of things to do. Fortunately, Steve’s Plumbing Repair has the skill and experience you need to keep the water flowing as it should in your rental homes, duplexes, apartment buildings or condominiums.Call 512-276-7476 for your plumbing needs and estimates in Austin, TX and surrounding areas. Steve is a 3rd generation Austin plumber who knows the old neighborhoods like Tarrytown, Hydepark, and Allandale. If you need estimates on remodels, leaks, or plumbing repairs call today. Absolutely NO hidden fees. Call for service on sewer line repairs, sinks, faucets, remodels, toilets, and hot water heaters.
Menards® has all the plumbing supplies you need to ensure your plumbing systems will last for years. Our water systems will keep your entire home running smoothly. We offer a variety of landscape drainage and watering and irrigation products for any home. Menards® offers water heaters for both residential and commercial buildings as well as storage tanks. Keep your water fresh and clean with our water filtration and softeners. Our whole house filtration systems will keep all of the water in your home clean and pure. We also offer water softeners to prevent hard water issues. Enjoy fresh, cool water with one of our water coolers. If you use well water, we have many pumps and well tanks as well as the accessories needed to keep it running smoothly. Our BIG selection includes sump and utility pumps, well pumps and well tanks, sewage pumps, and sprinkler pumps. We have a wide selection of rough plumbing items and pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories to complete a variety of plumbing projects. You can also repair your plumbing systems or install new pieces with our plumbing installation and repair products. Our hydronic radiant heat systems are a great addition to commercial or pole barn buildings.
Another way to avoid a service call from your plumber is to make sure the outside faucets are turned off in the winter and make sure you disconnect the outside hoses. You need to shut the water off from the inside. Then, open the valve on the outside to let the water that’s in there drain out—you switch both of them to the opposite direction so one is always closed and one is always open. We have to fix tons of these in the spring mostly because people leave their outside hoses connected and they freeze up. The repair could cost $100-$200 or more. Another tip would be if you’re going away for any length of time, like on vacation, turn off your water. If on any of those days the temperature drops below freezing, have someone check in on your house. I’ve been called to homes where the family returned from vacation, and there was water flooding out from the front door.
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