Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Philadelphia,[17] Boston, and Montreal in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.


Using a licensed Toronto plumber? This is an absolute MUST when it comes to the function of your plumbing system and the protection of your home. It’s up to you to avoid non-certified plumbers and those who claim to be certified but have no proof. Don’t end up with more problems than you already have. Do your research, choose wisely and confirm the necessary certifications before you hire a Toronto plumbing team. Drain Rescue plumbers are licensed, bonded and insured – and we’ve got the paperwork to prove it! Read more. Read more


Westbrook knows that quality construction starts with quality plumbing. Our design build experts use the latest techniques and technology to ensure that every building is fitted, piped and pressurized for maximum water flow and efficiency. With Westbrook’s team of plumbing experts, you can be sure that any new building won’t go without clean and safe water service.


Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]
Roto-Rooter’s expert plumbers are on call 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to provide emergency plumbing services for homes and commercial establishments. Our emergency plumbers provide the full range of Roto-Rooter services including toilet repair, unclogging drains, leak repair, water damage cleanup and restoration, and more. Roto-Rooter professionals are standing by to provide 24/7 plumbing services.
Plumbing is considered one of the most underrated professions. The reality is, they are heroes when it comes to installing and repairing our appliances and fixtures that keep water flowing smoothly. Depending on the job at hand determines what the plumber's responsibility is, from being brought into to design piping for new construction, to unclogging horribly stopped up drains in existing buildings. Here's what you'll need to be able to do:

When you are faced with a plumbing emergency, time is of the essence. You don’t want to have to spend time searching for a plumber near you that is open nights, weekends, and holidays that won’t charge you exorbitant fees for immediate availability to address plumbing emergencies. Roto-Rooter plumbers offer a variety of emergency plumbing services around the clock at an affordable price, so you can get the plumbing services you need at a price that won’t break the budget. Roto-Rooter professionals are always available for after hours plumbing services.
My husband and I found Spengler after a not so great experience with an a/c company over the summer. We called Spengler due to great online reviews and they did not disappoint! They came out the same day our furnace broke and offered professional service and were friendly. My husband appreciated that they explained all the options and what was actually wrong with our furnace instead of just trying to charge us a lot of money. I will definitely be using them again in the future. 

Menards® has all the plumbing supplies you need to ensure your plumbing systems will last for years. Our water systems will keep your entire home running smoothly. We offer a variety of landscape drainage and watering and irrigation products for any home. Menards® offers water heaters for both residential and commercial buildings as well as storage tanks. Keep your water fresh and clean with our water filtration and softeners. Our whole house filtration systems will keep all of the water in your home clean and pure. We also offer water softeners to prevent hard water issues. Enjoy fresh, cool water with one of our water coolers. If you use well water, we have many pumps and well tanks as well as the accessories needed to keep it running smoothly. Our BIG selection includes sump and utility pumps, well pumps and well tanks, sewage pumps, and sprinkler pumps. We have a wide selection of rough plumbing items and pipe, tubing, hoses, fittings, and accessories to complete a variety of plumbing projects. You can also repair your plumbing systems or install new pieces with our plumbing installation and repair products. Our hydronic radiant heat systems are a great addition to commercial or pole barn buildings.
Going to school can be expensive. But, don’t let the cost keep you from pursuing your plumbing education. There are plenty of available monies to be found for most trades, plumbing being no exception. The first thing you MUST do when applying for financial aid is to fill out the FAFSA. The FAFSA is the most important step to take when you’re looking for scholarship and grant money. Once that is filled out, you will be eligible for other financial aid opportunities, alongside whatever the Pell Grant allows you.
Pipe is available in rigid "joints", which come in various lengths depending on the material. Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls. PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls. The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.[20]
Master plumbers on construction jobs may be involved with developing blueprints that show the placement of all the pipes and fixtures. Their input helps ensure that a structure’s plumbing meets building codes, stays within budget, and works well with the location of other features, such as electric wires. Many diagrams are now created digitally with the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM), which allows a building’s physical systems to be planned and coordinated across occupations.
Wall thickness does not affect pipe or tubing size.[21] 1/2" L copper has the same outer diameter as 1/2" K or M copper. The same applies to pipe schedules. As a result, a slight increase in pressure losses is realized due to a decrease in flowpath as wall thickness is increased. In other words, 1 foot of 1/2" L copper has slightly less volume than 1 foot of 1/2 M copper.[citation needed]

The salary is comparable to that in some trade jobs, like plumbers ($57,070), electricians ($57,910) and food service managers ($57,250). — Eugene Scott, Washington Post, "The teacher boycotts are a reminder of what Americans often get wrong about ‘class’," 5 Apr. 2018 His great-grandfather was a Sacramento saddlemaker, his grandfather a plumber. — Mike Dunne, sacbee, "Light-handed approach paying off for Sacramento winemaker Craig Haarmeyer | The Sacramento Bee," 28 Mar. 2018 Nichols acknowledges that experts span a broad range of professions, from academics to plumbers and auto mechanics. — John Timmer, Ars Technica, "First thing we do, let’s kill all the experts," 21 Oct. 2018 Prior to his retirement, Joe was employed for over 20 years as a plumber by the town of East Hartford-Board of Education. — courant.com, "Joseph M. McCarthy," 29 Mar. 2018 Repair and installation basics Experienced DIY plumbers should begin by giving themselves a thorough understanding of the appliance. — Roy Berendson, Popular Mechanics, "How To Fix a Water Heater, Or Install a New One," 14 Nov. 2018 The Best Choice for Ordinary Folks Not everybody who uses pliers has the hand and forearm strength of a plumber or an electrician. — Roy Berendsohn, Popular Mechanics, "You Know What Makes a Great Stocking Stuffer? Pliers.," 29 Nov. 2018 In addition to long hours for retail workers, Black Friday is the busiest day of the year for plumbers. — Amina Lake Abdelrahman, Good Housekeeping, "9 Fascinating Facts About Black Friday History," 21 Aug. 2018 In 2015, Homesense Heating and Cooling acquired the building and spent more than $1 million to redevelop it into Refinery 46, a co-working space for home service providers such as electricians and plumbers. — Liz Biro, Indianapolis Star, "Double 8 grocery stores: Here's what they are now," 1 May 2018
Plumbing repairs and maintenance should be taken seriously. Homeowners can avoid costly and dangerous plumbing issues with help from Mr. Rooter Plumbing. Our professionals have all the experience to diagnose problems and keep your plumbing system in great shape. Give us a call at (855) 982-2028, or request a job estimate for professional plumbing repair service.
When you book an affordable plumber, whether it's to fix a broken boiler or to unclog a drain, you want to know they're skilled enough for the task at hand. Nothing is worse than sending an amateur with a wrench to look at your pipes. Odds are, there will be more damage than when they started. All plumbers on the Handy platform are vetted, verified, and background checked way before they arrive at your home, so you can be sure that they're the right person for the job. 
The Federal Government does not regulate licensing for plumbers; they are on a state-by-state government level. Most states have some sort of licensing requirement for plumbers and any general contractors. However, if plumbers aren’t licensed, they could be subjected to expensive fines and it could result in the loss of their being allowed to practice their trade.
There’s often an Allen wrench that comes with the garbage disposal. I keep it under the sink. When the thing jams, follow the directions in the manual, and I won’t need to come out. Another plumbing tip, don’t believe the myth about putting lemon peels in the disposal to make it smell better. That will just make it jam faster.  These are the things you should never pour down the drain.
You can depend on Spengler to provide unmatched emergency plumber service and guaranteed satisfaction for your home and business plumbing needs. Our up-front prices, professionalism and friendly on-time service have helped us become the preferred choice for thousands of homes and businesses across the Metro East area including our immediate local area O’Fallon, Belleville, Fairview Heights, Shiloh, and Swansea. Other areas include Collinsville, Edwardsville, Alton, Highland, Granite City, and surrounding Illinois communities. Rooter plumbers in Belleville, IL provide plumbing maintenance including toilet repairs and clogged drain cleaning. Rooter’s and plumbers offer residential  plumbing services that clients depend on for all of their local plumbing needs.
Master Plumber: To become a master plumber, you must first work for two consistent years as a Journeyman. You must also take an exam and pass both the written and practical portions of it. Once you’ve passed and are a Master Plumber, you can work supervisory roles, and you are also qualified to plan and design entire plumbing systems in addition to your previous skills.
Local plumbers on the Handy platform have experience in fixing all the common (and uncommon) plumbing problems that plague homes. Whether you’ve got a water heater leaking, a clogged toilet, or a blocked drain, chances are that your plumber will have seen and dealt with a similar job before. When you use the Handy app or website, you’ll be connected to experienced plumbers who’ll know exactly what to do, no matter how big or small the job might be.
Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently. In addition, most employers require plumbers to have a driver’s license.
Flexible plastic tubing can be used to circulate hot water below your home’s flooring. This is known as hydronic heating. The water/liquid is stored in a boiler and pushed into a plumbing manifold so that it can be properly circulated throughout your home floors as designed. While this is a very beneficial way to radiate heat through your floors during colder seasons, hydronic heating can develop some serious problems that require plumbing repair.

Along with making your home a more comfortable place, 4 Star Plumbing Services offers installations and repairs for commercial properties in southern Florida as well. With specialized services like sewer video inspections, leak searches, 24 hour plumbing repairs, tankless water heaters and environmentally green products, our technicians can tackle all things plumbing. Fort Lauderdale, FL residents and property owners no longer have to worry about faulty plumbing, 4 Star Plumbing Services is here and we are waiting for your call.


When you need a plumber, it’s not unusual to need one quickly. When you call us, you can be assured that your plumbing issue will be solved quickly and efficiently. Issues such as broken water heaters, overflowing toilets, and frozen pipes just can’t be ignored. You need to deal with them quickly. No matter what plumbing issue you’re experiencing, we can help to get it fixed.
Houston’s ever-shifting clay soil puts homes in the greater Houston area at risk from slab leaks. Why? When the concrete slab under your home shifts, the pipes in or underneath the foundation can be damaged, disconnected, or break completely. Fortunately, John Moore plumbers have been working with Houston homeowners since 1965 and have the experience, training and tools to effectively detect and repair slab leaks. Our experienced plumbing team will perform a careful inspection, pinpoint the location, and then provide you with a detailed diagnosis and repair plan to address the leak quickly. For a serious plumbing issues, such as a slab leaks and re-pipes, you can count on our Houston plumbing company, John Moore Services, to treat you and your home with respect and provide you with quality workmanship – guaranteed
Plumbers install and repair water, drainage, gas, and other piping systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Plumbers install plumbing fixtures such as bathtubs and toilets, and appliances, such as dishwashers and water heaters. Plumbers also maintain septic systems—the large, underground holding tanks that collect waste from houses that are not connected to a sewer system.
Your water heater is an essential part of your home, heating water for showers, dishwashing, laundry and more. On average, a traditional water heater will last 8-12 years. The general consensus is that it’s better to replace your water heater with a new one than to repair one that’s 10 years old or more. Older models are less energy-efficient and thus more costly to run than newer models with better technology. Here are some indicators of when it may be time to replace an old water heater instead of repairing it:
Pipelayers are the guys (or gals) who install the pipes needed for plumbing systems. Think drainage for storms or water mains. Their work is very strenuous because they also have to do the digging for the pipes, as well as grading the trenches where the pipes will be placed. The pipelayers secure the pipes by using special glue, welding, or cementing them firmly in place. The average yearly salary for pipelayers is $37,780.
Our well-known jingle says it all—when you trust Roto-Rooter, we solve your residential plumbing and drain problems fast. Roto-Rooter is North America’s #1 residential plumbing repair and drain service company. Homeowners everywhere have relied on Roto-Rooter since 1935 for honest, professional advice on all types of drain cleaning and plumbing services.
Our master plumbers in Houston will assess the age and integrity of your pipes and determine the best course of action. Whether your home plumbing requires a pipe replacement, a horizontal pipe replacement for the pipes in your attic, or a whole-home repipe with highly durable and flexible PEX piping, you can rest easy knowing that your home is in the experienced hands of the licensed and highly-qualified John Moore Houston plumbing team.
Our plumbers use high-quality equipment and the best tools or every job. We practice according to the highest industry standards, so you can depend on safe and effective repairs that last. Because we value customer loyalty, we make sure to go above and beyond for every single project or job we handle. From offering quick responses to 10% discounts for first-time customers, we value your business and hope it shows in the quality of work we produce as well as the level of friendly care we provide.
Estes Services offers comprehensive plumbing services in Atlanta and the surrounding areas. As our business was founded in 1949, we have seen every kind of problem a homeowner can have – with that type of experience, we have anything and everything covered for you and your plumbing needs. We offer 100% customer satisfaction, delivered with a tradition of integrity.

One of the most critical systems of your home is the plumbing system that smoothly carries water throughout your home—when everything is working. When you have a clogged drain, leaky faucet, broken washing machine, standstill sump pump, a malfunctioning garbage disposal, a cracked sink, or an overflowing toilet, you need a plumber. Preferably, you need an experienced, local plumber who knows exactly what they’re doing. Even when nothing’s broken or going wrong, keeping your kitchen and bath areas well-maintained and in good repair can help improve your home’s value—not to mention add to your enjoyment of living there. Keeping up with the maintenance and adding upgrades, such as replacing a sink, faucet, showerhead, toilet, or bathtub liner or wall surround, however, can be technically difficult and overwhelming, and that’s where Amazon.com Plumbing Services, and the plumbers that list there, comes in.
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